Elder flowers contain essential oils, slimes, tannins, glycosides (sambunigrin and rutin), organic acids (malic, acetic, valeric) and vitamin C. Its fruits contain sugars, malic acid, tannins, pectin, vitamin C (fresh fruits), its skin and seeds contain vitamin A and vitamins B– B1, B2, B6, B12, and pantothenic acid. Leaves contain resin, glycosides, sambunigrin, sambucin, and a significant amount of calcium.
Tea made from black elder flowers is commonly used for the common cold and the impact of the fruits is much more significant. They can help treating diseases that are often complicated to treat by traditional means, e.g. migraine, acute and chronic trigeminal neuralgia, back pain, joints pain and sciatica. Apart from improving our metabolism, it also helps us lose excessive weight.