(UA) Алкогольний метаболізм

alcohol metabolism

After entering the gastrointestinal tract, alcohol is quickly absorbed into the blood circulation and transferred into each cell of the body. 90% is metabolized in the liver – alcohol molecules are metabolized by several enzymes, especially alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH), aldehyde dehydrogenases (ALDH), catalase and monooxygenase and by the enzymatic system MEOS. Alcohol oxidizes with ADH and changes into acetaldehyde (AA), which is extremely toxic not only for the liver itself, but for all other human organs and cells. ALDH supports further oxidizing and changes it into acetate, which is further converted.

In small doses and when drunk slowly, alcohol metabolizes with minimum negative impact on the body. On the contrary, quick consumption of large amounts of alcohol causes the accumulation of highly toxic alcohol metabolites (acetaldehyde, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and free radicals), ), which in the long run lead to severe metabolic disorders, damage to organs and negatively affect health. Furthermore, if alcohol is consumed on an empty stomach, it is immediately absorbed through the abdominal wall, damaging the brain and the nervous system.

Alcohol is the most frequently used toxin consumed knowingly. This is called alcohol intoxication. Any process of eliminating alcohol from the body is considered detoxification.

Alcohol intoxication creates an imbalance in the body and blocks the absorption of vitamins, minerals, and important elements that take part in bioprocesses. That’s why many people suffer from the negative effects of alcohol, known as a hangover – headache, upset stomach, loss of appetite, retching, eye pain, fatigue, poor concentration…

Anything that helps eliminating alcohol from the body strengthens the detoxifying processes natural to the body and helps restore its metabolic balance.